Personal Independence Payment (PIP)
Personal Independence Payment (PIP) is a new benefit replacing Disability Living Allowance (DLA) for adults aged 16-64. DLA will continue as seperate benefit for children aged under 16 years.
Initially PIP only applied to those making a new claim. However it is now also replacing existing DLA awards for some claimants in certain postcode areas [PDF]. DLA will continue as a separate benefit for children aged under 16 years.
How is Personal Independence Payment (PIP) being introduced?
PIP has already replaced DLA for new claims by disabled adults aged 16 or over. This is the case everywhere in England, Wales and Scotland. A timetable for PIP's introduction in Northern Ireland has yet to be announced.
Some existing DLA claimants are also being reassessed under the PIP system. This only applies to people who are living in a reassessment area (see this map of reassessment postcode areas [PDF]) and who either:
- are turning 16
- are aged 16 or above and who report a change in their care or mobility needs
- are aged 16 or above and who volunteer to claim PIP
- are already aged 16 or above and whose existing DLA award is due to end after a specific date (this date varies depending on your postcode).
All other adults claiming DLA are expected to be reassessed for PIP between October 2015 and late 2017.
What will happen to your child's DLA claim when they turn 16?
This depends where in the country they live and whether that place is a 'reassessment area'. Many parts of the UK are already PIP assessment areas. Details can be found on this postcode map of all the PIP reassessment areas [PDF].
Your child lives in a reassessment area
If your child gets DLA and lives in a 'reassessment area', the Department of Work and Pensions (DWP) will contact them shortly after their birthday to invite them to claim PIP.
On 30 March PIP was rolled out to 10 new areas. These are postcodes starting with BL, CW, FK, FY, HU, OL, SK, TA, TQ or TR.
If your child lives in one of these areas and turns 16 on or after 30 March, they should be invited to claim PIP unless they are getting DLA under the special rules for the terminally ill.
From 25 May it will be extended to those turning 16 on or after that date and who live in one of the following postcode areas:
BS (Bristol), CB (Cambridge), CM (Chelmsford), CO (Colchester), DA (Dartford), GL (Gloucester), MK (Milton Keynes), PA (Paisley), RM (Romford), SN (Swindon), SP (Salisbury), SS (Southend)
From 22 June it will be extended to those turning 16 on or after that date and who live in one of the following postcode areas:
BA (Bath), BH (Bournemouth), BN (Brighton), BR (Bromley), CT (Canterbury), CR (Croydon), DT (Dorchester), E (London East), EC (London East Central), GU (Guildford), HP (Hemel Hempstead), IG (Ilford), LU (Luton), ME (Maidstone), OX (Oxford), RG (Reading), RH (Redhill), SE (London South East), SG (Stevenage), SW (London South West), WC (London West Central)
From 27 July it will be extended to those turning 16 on or after that date and who live in one of the following postcode areas:
AL (St Albans), EN (Enfield), HA (Harrow), HS (Hebrides), KT (Kingston), N (London North), NW (London North West), KW (Kirkwall), SL (Slough), SM (Sutton), TN (Tonbridge), TW (Twickenham), UB (Uxbridge), W (London West), WD (Watford), ZE (Lerwick)
Young people turning 16 who get DLA under the special rules for the terminally ill are exempt and will continue to get DLA.
Seek advice from our free helpline if your son or daughter lives in one of these new postcode areas, is turning 16 after the relevant date but has already been sent a DLA renewal pack
How will your child be invited to claim PIP?
If your son or daughter is invited to claim PIP they (or you if you are their appointee) must do so within 28 days, by phoning the PIP claim line on 0800 917 2222.
Their DLA payments will continue until a decision is made on their PIP claim. This applies even if their existing DLA award was scheduled to end when they turned 16. However if they fail to claim PIP when invited, their DLA payments will stop.
Your child does not live in a reassessment area
Gradually PIP will be extended to existing claimants in other areas. However in the meantime if your son or daughter is turning 16 and does not live in a reassessment area they should continue to fall under the DLA system.
This means that if their current DLA award is ending on their sixteenth birthday, they should be asked to make a renewal claim for DLA as an adult.
The Department of Work and Pensions has the power to invite you to claim PIP even if you live outside a re-assessment area, but so far as not announced any plans to do this.
If you do not live in a re-assessment area and your son or daughter is invited to claim PIP, contact our free helpline for urgent advice.
Qualifying for Personal Independence Payment
Like DLA, PIP is made up of two parts. There is a mobility component based on your ability to get around and a daily living component based on your ability to carry out key activities necessary to participate in daily life.
Depending on their circumstances your child might qualify for one or both.
- it is not means tested or based or national insurance contributions
- it can be paid to both those in and out of work
- there are special rules for the terminally ill
- those getting the enhanced rate of the mobility component of PIP can make use of the Motability scheme
- an award of the daily living component can lead to a carer getting Carer's Allowance.
How much will I receive?
Both components of PIP are paid at either a standard rate or an enhanced rate depending on the level of your child's needs.
The daily living component weekly rates are:
- Standard rate - £55.10
- Enhanced rate - £82.30
The mobility component weekly rates are:
- Standard rate - £21.80
- Enhanced rate - £57.45
How will my claim for PIP be assessed?
As well as having to complete a claim form over the telephone and a paper questionnaire, most people will be asked to attend a face to face assessment undertaken by a health care professional working on behalf of the Department of Work and Pensions.
How do you qualify for PIP?
PIP uses a points-based system to decide whether someone qualifies for the benefit, and if so, at what rate. You receive points depending on the level of difficulty you experience in the following areas:
- preparing food
- eating and drinking
- managing treatment
- washing and bathing
- managing toilet needs
- dressing and undressing
- communicating verbally
- mixing with other people
- making decisions about money
- planning and following journeys
- moving around.
The number of points you score in the last two categories are added together to decide if you get the mobility component, and at what rate. Your scores in the other categories are added together to decide whether you get the daily living component.
- See our summary factsheet Personal Independence Payment - a new benefit for disabled people aged 16 and above
- See our guide to Personal independence payment and other benefits at 16 [PDF].
- Advice about any aspect of PIP is also available from our freephone national helpline.